3. Data analysis
How is oil formed?
-Dinosaurs die and under the pressure of the ground and the duration of time they've been sitting there, they decay and form oil i'm not too sure sorry and then they drill real deep to find out if its there and suck it all up as a liquid. But they also have to refine it into separate oils by by putting it through a fractionating column.
-Crude oil is formed from dense forests which is put under enormous pressure, heated and finally left to rot for a few million years.
-When animals die, millions of years later their body decomposes and becomes oil.
-It is like formed after organic materials such as ancient animals and plants decay under high pressure and heat.
-Dead matter decomposes over time.
-Oil is formed through fossil fuels.
drilling into the ground
- Carbon cycle
-Natural occurring chemical formed by carbon and hydrogen atoms.
-Oil comes from the remains of tiny plants and animals (plankton) that died in ancient seas between 10 million and 600 million years ago. After the organisms died, they sank into the sand and mud at the bottom of the sea. Over the years, the organisms decayed in the sedimentary layers. In these layers, there was little or no oxygen present. So microorganisms broke the remains into carbon-rich compounds that formed organic layers. The organic material mixed with the sediments, forming fine-grained shale, or source rock. As new sedimentary layers were deposited, they exerted intense pressure and heat on the source rock. The heat and pressure distilled the organic material into crude oil and natural gas. The oil flowed from the source rock and accumulated in thicker, more porous limestone or sandstone, called reservoir rock. Movements in the Earth trapped the oil and natural gas in the reservoir rocks between layers of impermeable rock, or cap rock, such as granite or marble. From: HowStuffWorks
fossil fuels , animals plants die , become fossils and then turn into oil
-Oil is formed after millions of years where pressure and chemical changes causes decomposed organic materials buried in the ground to become oil.
-It is formed from decomposed organisms over millions of years, under high pressures of soil and other sediments that lay over it.
-Petroleum or Diesel is synthesised from crude oil which is extracted from ground deposits. Crude oil is basically a sedimentation of ancient fossilised phytoplankton/zooplankton which accumulates over millions of years and forced by pressure and heat into a sludge-like liquid state. Formation of petroleum occurs from hydrocarbon pyrolysis under intense heat and pressure.
-Fossil and dead plants turn into oil with time, heat and pressure
-Decomposed matter that is being compressed in the soil until it becomes oil
-Fossilised after many years
-Oil was formed millions of years ago, where the Earth was mostly a swampy area. Dead debris and dirt would float down to the bottom of the swamp, eventually being compressed into peat, then coal and oil.
-Compressed bodies of living organisms over millions of years.
-You get crude oil from the under the sea and separate it by fractional distillation
-Over millions of years, forming from dead matter buried deep under the ground.
-From fossil fuels
I-t formed when microscopic plants and animals were living in the ocean. As these microscopic plants and animals lived, they absorbed energy from the sun, which was stored as carbon molecules in their bodies. When they died, they sank to the bottom of the sea. Over a period of time, they decomposed and the plants and bacteria were formed (something like fungi) As they became buried ever deeper, heat and pressure began to rise. The amount of pressure and the degree of heat, along with the type of biomass, determined if the material became oil or natural gas. More heat produced lighter oil. Even higher heat or biomass made predominantly of plant material produced natural gas.Broken down fossils from a few million years ago.
-Millions of years ago, plants and animals absorbed energy from the sun (a.k.a plants via photosynthesis, animals via eating the plants a la food chain). As they die, their remains sink into the ground and gets buried into the Earth. As the pressure and heat exerted by the ground increases, the biomass (the remains of the animals) slowly turns into crude oil. However, the temperature, pressure and type of biomass would affect what the biomass becomes. As such, not all biomass in the ground is crude oil. Instead, some may become natural gas too. (I hope this is correct) When dinosaur bones decompose under layers of rocks or soil.
-The dinosaurs bones rot under the ground and degrade into fossil fuels which can be used as oil. Though the fossil fuels are all buried under the ground for million of years and because of the pressure on the layers on the fossil fuels form by dead plants and animals over the years create oil.
How would play your part in saving the world?
The following are the responses from those being interviewed:
-Use less energy. (Energy is the crux of the current environmental crisis. Using less energy could help us delay the inevitable doom if we do not save the earth giving us more time to find alternatives)
-Use less oil
-Use less electricity when possible
-Use renewable sources.
-More usage of renewable resources
-make sure the sun still works as it might die soon (1-2 billion years)
-I feel that one person alone cannot save the world and it takes a collective effort for the world to actually be saved through means as recycling and such.
-Find a way to renew energy at all costs.
-Use renewable energy and of course, the 3Rs reuse, reduce, recycle,
-Go environmentally friendly
-Use less oil.
-By doing my part to conserve the environment.
-Use biofuel/solar panels/renewable energies.
-reduce energy consumptions, which will reduce carbon footprint which will reduce pollution rate and global warming
-Change our energy consuming habits
- stop deforestation
-Recycle, Reduce use, and Reuse things
-Cut down on carbon emissions!
-Become more eco-friendly
-Use renewable energy!
- Recycle and not do things that will release harmful greenhouse gases.
-We can save the world by reducing, reusing and recycling! Other than that, we can also conserve water or any other items.
- Recycle as much as you can – paper, glass, plastics, cardboard, newspapers, magazines, compostable food.
It is comforting to know that half of those being surveyed do recycle. Whilst 42% of the respondents sometimes recycle their things, it is the 8% of the interviewees whom we should target our recycling message to.